CIA APPROVED FOR RELEASE MAY 2007
ZANZIBAR REVISITED BY HELEN – LOUISE HUNTER
There were reports, though, that Hanga and his group of radical trade union leaders in the ASP planned the coup…Their actual planning for a revolution, which had been underway for some months, had not been the subject of any reporting, however, until after the revolution. Yet, as early as the middle of 1963, a group of ASP leaders, including Hanga, had gone to Tanganyika to ask for money and arms in support of their revolutionary plan.
Tanganyikan complicity with the ASP leaders who were planning a revolution had been well-established. Hanga and Tanganyikan minister of foreign affairs and defense minister Kambona were old friends, having been roommates in London. Sympathetic to the desire of the Africans to wrest power from the Arab minority, Kambona was apparently privy to the coup planning all along; he supported the undertaking with Tanganyikan arms and money. In mid-1963 he reportedly gave Hanga and his followers 2 machine guns and 10 rifles on a clandestine basis. Part of another arms shipment from Algeria to Tanganyika, which had been arranged by Kambona, may have found it was into the hands of the Zanzibar revolutionaries, although the majority of the arms were probably intended for the Mozambique nationalists.
The Tanzanian [Tanganyikan] Government had involved itself in the violent overthrow of the new island nation twenty-three miles off the coast of Tanganyika, a revolution which resulted in the slaughter of thousands of Arabs…Ii remember seeing the big delegation Nyerere had sent to the celebrations even as he was planning the violent overthrow of the government So much, I thought, for the Organization of African Unity (O.A.U.) and is sacred tenets of good neighbourliness…The coup was a clear indication to me, is one was needed, that we would be better to stick close to Britain. Without them we would be defenseless and liable to be swallowed up like Zanzibar and sister island, Pemba.